A Global North Korea

 

The oligarch’s of the Modern Structure are considering a “cashless” society.

 

This fills me with foreboding.

 

The following article from Mises.org is required reading:

 

https://mises.org/blog/should-cash-be-abolished

 

It is being seriously considered in the halls of power:

 

At the World Economic Forum in Davos Switzerland, Joseph Stiglitz the Nobel Prize-winning economist argued in favor of phasing out currency and moving toward a digital economy.

The view expressed by Stiglitz is similar to that of former IMF chief economist Kenneth Rogoff who has been arguing for many years that there is an urgent need to remove cash from the economy. It is held that cash provides support to the shadow economy and permits tax evasion. Some estimates suggest this could be up to $700 billion in the US.

The Governor of the Bank of England — Mark Carney — has expressed similar views in support of the removal of cash.

 

You can read the explanation of money in the essay, but here are the political implications:

 

There are other issues associated with the digitization of money flows which warrant comment.

First, there is the problem that the mandatory switch from physical money to money held as deposits within banks will deprive people of the privacy they may wish in the allocation of their financial resources.

Ahh yes, they will be able to know everything about you.

Second, once all cash is transferred to the banking system, there is the real risk that control over that money is progressively ceded to that system and to the governments which thrive upon it. Political or consumption activities that are unpopular with government and/or commercial interests — especially in an environment of growing powers of the “security state” — could result in retributive action via restrictions on access to those monetary balances.

Even more serious. You become an “unperson”. No money, no job, no savings.

Third, in a purely digital world it would be impossible to withdraw physical money should people believe that their bank (or the banking system as a whole) was at risk of collapse. This could potentially lock people on board a sinking ship, or at least remove the ability of people to make their own judgments and vote with their monetary feet.

A Global North Korea.

The compulsory switch to purely digital cash could well become yet another facet of the growing tendency toward the further centralization of state power and the decline in individual liberty.

The victory of the Minotaur.

It really depends what kind of centralisation, and how many competing political units there are. Frankly, this scares me perhaps the most of everything that’s going on.

https://mises.org/blog/should-cash-be-abolished

Contemplate one’s options:

http://www.socialmatter.net/2017/01/16/mr-gnobody-exit-illegibility/

Something you did, somthing you said, soemthing you bought years ago, could one day come back to haunt you.

 

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How Trump Won Part 3: Ethos.

Aristotle teaches that the first thing a practitioner of rhetoric, or persuasion, needs is ethos.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhetoric_(Aristotle)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethos

Ethos is Greek for character. It is where we get the word ethics from.

A persuader must have character. That is, they must have credibility.

The people (the customers) must be able to trust the persuader, the politician, the salesperson.

The best way to be trusted is to be trustworthy.

The best way to be trustworthy is to have principles, and practice what one preaches — consistently.

As Aristotle says “excellence is not an act but a habit.” And: “We enter the temple of reason via the courtyard of habit.”

So, a persuader needs to have a habit, a history, a reputation of whatever it is that they want to persuade people of.

For Donald Trump, his ethos —his character — is that of a winner. Period.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=BHWgL65Z_DA

The proof of the pudding is in the eating. And Donald Trump is, by far, one of the most successful human beings in history.

Who can make America great again?

Donald Trump.

Why?

Because he is a winner.

Nothing succeeds like success.

A virtuous spiral of victory, a reputation for victory.

The Duke of Wellington, no fan of Napoleon, said that his reputation was worth 50,000 men on the battlefield.

Such is the power of reputation.

If you watch Trump’s early speeches (like his presidential announcement) you will notice the focus on success. “I built a great company.” “I love my life”.” I have a great family.” All this creates a mental image and association of success and victory.

People can trust Trump because Trump wins, Trump therefore has credibility.

Trump has credibility, because he is a winner, and Americans love a winner.

The second main principle of ethos, after trust (faith) is to either be likeable or to be charismatic.

What is charisma?

A charismatic person is someone who is A: Fearless. B: Radically honest. C: Funny. D: Cool, calm and commanding. E: Has a talent for simplification. F: Enthusiastic and capable of generating enthusiasm in people.

Julius Caesar was charismatic.

Margaret Thatcher was charismatic.

Steve Jobs was charismatic.

Tony Blair was charismatic.

Barack Obama was charismatic.

Bernie Sanders was charismatic.

John Major, Gordon Brown and Hilary Clinton……well…..

Trump is fearless. Just look at him! He struts onto the world stage, not only as calm as a Hindoo cow but with passion and enthusiasm. He loves it. And the people love it too.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=GAHc8cOJf-w

Trump comes across as radically honest. He says what many people really think but would never dare say.

Trump is funny. He may not be Larry David, but he can make a joke and a point. Humour makes people like you. It defuses tension. It shows intelligence. It is a weapon.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=pjfkS_dFRUQ

When asked what their Presidential code words would be Jeb said “ever ready. It’s very high energy Donald.” A riposte to Trump *branding* Jeb as “low energy.” The audience laughed. Trump played along, he laughed and smiled. He made Jeb give him a high five (visually showing that Jeb was like a little kid who got the attention of the big boy alpha male).

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=hPyOkUPd3MU

When Trump was asked, however, what his Presidential code word was he said: “Humble.”

The audience erupted in laughter. Trump trumped Jeb.

He is capable of one liners: “Only Rosie O’Donnell”. “The wall just got ten feet higher.” “They hit my hands trying to implying something else doesn’t work. Believe me folks, it works fine.” “Because you would be in jail.”

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=v_i-bZ5uQJU

Trump is commanding. He is a CEO, he is a leader. What was the Apprentice after all?

Trump can generate enthusiasm. Just look at the rallies! Nuff said.

The problem, as *framed* by Trump is that America “does not win anymore.” “We don’t win on trade, we don’t win at the border, we can’t beat ISIS.”

Trump has a proven history of winning. Trump says we need to be “tough” we need to be “smart”. Well, despite what the literati might think, Trump does have this ethos — or now, mythos.

A friend said to me: “Trump can’t or shouldn’t win because he has no history of public service, i.e a career politician.

But the people don’t want career politicians.

The people want hope and change.

The career politicians have failed them.

For many people, like with Barack Obama, Trump is hope, Trump is change.

Trump is a negotiator. “I’m a negotiator.” Trump says. “Secretary Kerry, you really should read my book”. (The Art of the Deal, a New York Times bestseller.)

Trump is a builder. He built Trump Tower, he built the Woleman ice rink. “We will build the wall, and Mexico will pay for it.” Combining his ethos as A: a negotiator B: a builder. C: a leader —winner.

Surprise is the state of mind in the enemy commander; reputation, like beauty, is in the eye of the beholder.

Are Trump’s claims to be exactly what he is true?

Was Napoleon really worth 50,000 men?

Does it really matter if it is true or not?

To carping malcontents like myself truth matters. To most people, and to people in a democracy, truth does not matter.

Winning matters.

That is all that matters.

And Trump is a winner.

Period.

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How Trump Won. Part 2: Democracy is Dead.

 

Make America Great Again.

What does it mean?

Does it mean anything?

Barack Obama had “Hope and Change.”

What did that mean

Did it mean anything.

One of the strange terms I heard back when I watched the English – never the American – Apprentice was “strap line.”

“Strap line” is the theme, the idea, the organising principle of the enterprise.

The beauty of “Hope and Change” as a “strap line” is that it can mean whatever you think (and feel) it means.

Here is how it works.

You, the democrat — the customer —project your hopes and fears, desires and aversions onto the theme.

The “strap line” or theme allows your imagination to engage in wishful thinking. This is what James Burnham called “politics as wish.” You then let your wishes fill in the blanks. The candidate says a few vague (policy wise) but emotionally charged statements;  then you imagine, you hope, you wish.

Make America Great Again is a genius theme.

First of all, it allows nearly everyone to buy into it and, at the same time, it makes it very hard to disagree with.

Why?

If you’re American, then you will likely agree that either America is great or has been great. Most people are proud of their country, Americans especially so. Americans want their country to be great.

All political regimes require a political formula, or a story — a narrative. Successful formulas or stories (fictions) allow everyone to feel part of something, to feel that they belong. More importantly, they serve as the organising principles of social coordination and political power.

The King is King because he is King, and God put him there, so shut up and dig peasant.

These “formulas” do not just exist in politics, however.

Look at football, or English soccer. Did the fans of Manchester United have any say, in any way, over Sir Alex Ferguson?

No.

The Game Is the Game.

And yet there they were participating, shouting with joy, and crying tears of sadness at victory or defeat. We won, we lost — WE.

Who is this “we” kemosabe?

People in a democracy have as much say over their government as Manchester United supporters did over Sir Alex.

Yet the game continues because all participants enjoy the “buzz” — all part of the team.

In a democracy, the object of the game is power via the coordination of the minds of the masses.

Power is achieved — a more accurate description is that it is “normalised” — by constructing winning coalitions.

Winning coalitions are constructed by creating a formula of US and THEM. We and thee.

Yes we can!

“We”being the “voice” of the “people”.

Vox Populi, Vox Dei.

But the “voice” of the “people” requires a leader who “articulates” the “will” of the “people”.

All politics is tribal, especially so in a democracy.

People, the more tribal anyway, in a democracy desire to be great, they want their country to be great —like supporters of a football club want their team to be great: the “buzz”.

Anyone who disagrees is simply not a “team-player.”

In reality, the “will” of the people is manufactured by those who control, construct, coordinate, and communicate the memes that mould the minds of the masses.

Yes, Noam Chomsky said this too, but so did Walter Lippmann, long before Chomsky:

That the manufacture of consent is capable of great refinements no one, I think, denies. The process by which public opinions arise is certainly no less intricate than it has appeared in these pages, and the opportunities for manipulation open to anyone who understands the process are plain enough.

The creation of consent is not a new art. It is a very old one which was supposed to have died out with the appearance of democracy. But it has not died out. It has, in fact, improved enormously in technic, because it is now based on analysis rather than on rule of thumb. And so, as a result of psychological research, coupled with the modern means of communication, the practice of democracy has turned a corner. A revolution is taking place, infinitely more significant than any shifting of economic power.

Within the life of the generation now in control of affairs, persuasion has become a self-conscious art and a regular organ of popular government. None of us begins to understand the consequences, but it is no daring prophecy to say that the knowledge of how to create consent will alter every political calculation and modify every political premise. Under the impact of propaganda, not necessarily in the sinister meaning of the word alone, the old constants of our thinking have become variables. It is no longer possible, for example, to believe in the original dogma of democracy; that the knowledge needed for the management of human affairs comes up spontaneously from the human heart. Where we act on that theory we expose ourselves to self-deception, and to forms of persuasion that we cannot verify. It has been demonstrated that we cannot rely upon intuition, conscience, or the accidents of casual opinion if we are to deal with the world beyond our reach.

Those features of the world outside which have to do with the behavior of other human beings, in so far as that behavior crosses ours, is dependent upon us, or is interesting to us, we call roughly public affairs. The pictures inside the heads of these human beings, the pictures of themselves, of others, of their needs, purposes, and relationship, are their public opinions. Those pictures which are acted upon by groups of people, or by individuals acting in the name of groups, are Public Opinion with capital letters. And so in the chapters which follow we shall inquire first into some of the reasons why the picture inside so often misleads men in their dealings with the world outside.

[…]

There follows an analysis of the traditional democratic theory of public opinion. The substance of the argument is that democracy in its original form never seriously faced the problem which arises because the pictures inside people’s heads do not automatically correspond with the world outside.

[…]

My conclusion is that public opinions must be organized for the press if they are to be sound, not by the press as is the case today. This organization I conceive to be in the first instance the task of a political science that has won its proper place as formulator, in advance of real decision, instead of apologist, critic, or reporter after the decision has been made. I try to indicate that the perplexities of government and industry are conspiring to give political science this enormous opportunity to enrich itself and to serve the public. And, of course, I hope that these pages will help a few people to realize that opportunity more vividly, and therefore to pursue it more consciously.

Walter Lippmann is not a crank, he is considered the “Father” of American journalism and the most “influential” or persuasive journalist in American history; Lippmann was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom; Lippmann was also a progressive (like Chomksy) and his book Public Opinion is a foundational text in media studies:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Lippmann

So, in a democracy, like with the hand that moves the stick that moves the stone, whoever moulds and moves the minds of the masses, moves the Machine: Government.

A formula, a narrative, a brand, a message — whatever — is the way to organise, and coordinate, a “demo-army” or “base” or simply “voters.”

In the 2016 election, it was Make America Great Again v Stronger Together.

Stronger Together is not so good. Its sounds Fascist, after all, rods are stronger together. Also, some people don’t want to be “together” — they like their liberties, or their spaces. Crucially, it has no “verb” and no real emotional “buzzwords” like “America” and “Great.”

Secondly, MAGA is evocative and nostalgic. Many people — it is basic human nature — think (and FEEL) that the past was better than the present, and that the future will be worse than what already is.

MAGA speaks to many, say, over the age of forty who thinks: where the hell did our country go?

However, part of the genius of MAGA is that it is also a call to arms: a point of social coordination.

The key is the verb “make”. That is the “change” part in the “hope” of making America “Great Again.”

Young people are the builders, the doers, the changers. So MAGA also allows young people to get behind the theme, the common project, of making America great again.

Thirdly, if people disagree with MAGA, then they are the outsiders, the rich, the privileged, the out of touch, the croakers, the wastrels: the people who are the enemy.

MAGA is a dividing line. It forces people to take a position: either/or.

The real genius, however, is that if anyone denies MAGA then they have no real comeback. To be against MAGA is to be against America, and to be against America is to be an enemy of America.

And if you’re an enemy of America in America, then you’re an enem of the “people”.

Now, don’t complain about this in a democracy. Democracy is politics and politics is division. Period.

Once the “frame” of MAGA is established, all it takes is a few key examples to demonstrate the general principle that America is not great anymore, that America is not working, that America is going to the dogs.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framing_effect_(psychology)

How framing works:

There are many labels for such mental models: maps, paradigms, mind-sets, worldviews, and cognitive lenses, to name a few. We call them frames. A frame is a set of beliefs and assumptions that you carry in your head to help you understand and negotiate some part of your world. A good frame makes it easier to know what’s happening, see more options, and make better choices. Frames are vital because human affairs don’t come with computerized navigation systems to guide you turn by turn to your destination. Instead, you need to develop and carry accurate maps in your head.

Such maps make it possible to register and assemble key bits of available data into a coherent pattern—an image of what’s going on.

Deal, Terrence E., Bolman, Lee G. “The Art of Reframing.”

Furthermore, once you have created the perception and belief in a “coherent pattern”, framing allows you then to create and use confirmation bias.

You announce your theme (a big, bold claim), announce some sub-themes (more specific sub-claims under the umbrella of the master claim); then provide some key, highly emotive, examples. Describe the examples using strong, passionate, forceful and visual language. Finally, claim that it will only get worse, and worse, and that nobody but you can either understand or deal with the problem.

Then wait.

What happens is that events prove you right.

Note, several principles of persuasion are also at work here: Authority, Social Proof and even Scarcity (the good life is running out).

See:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Cialdini

Trump is, above all, an entrepreneur — a textbook description of an ESTP ( Extroverted Sensing Thinking Perceiving) in Myers-Briggs typology.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/ESTP

An entrepreneur is someone who wants to give people what they want.

An entrepreneur absorbs information, considers human psychology, imagines futures;  asks hypothetically what people will want, could want and might want; then, they try to provide the goods and services that will satisfy people’s wants and desires.

Below is a description of an ESTP:

ESTPs are big-thinking, action-oriented entrepreneurs – bold go-getters who go for what they want with great confidence in themselves. They have an uncanny ability to size up a situation and either leave it or get what they want from it. Flexible and pragmatic, ESTPs typically see little need to do things “by the book” – especially not if doing things “outside of the book” will get greater results. Unconventional, alert, and extremely adaptable, ESTPs are good at thinking on their feet and even better at convincing others to get behind their solution to a problem. In situations where others have to sit down and think to come up with a solution, the ESTP can often shake out an answer by simply looking at the problem.

Of all the 16 types, ESTPs are perhaps the most observant and discerning realists. As first movers with an eye for innovation, they are frequently attuned to what the “next big thing” will be before others have even noticed it. For this reason, ESTPs may sometimes seem as if they have an eerie ability to always be in the right place at the right time. When a golden opportunity arises, the ESTPs of this world are usually among the first to notice it, seize it, and to make use of it for their own ends.”

http://www.celebritytypes.com/estp-description.php

http://www.celebritytypes.com/estp.php

Donald-Trump-to-a-T.

Finally, the beauty of MAGA is that if America is not great, then someone must be responsible. Right

Now, in a democracy, as with all politics, the object, again, is to win power.

To build a winning coalition to obtain power, it requires appealing to as many people as possible.

To successfully appeal to as many people as possible it requires identifying the most basic of human psychological and social conditions.

Step forward Saul Alinsky.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saul_Alinsky

Alinksy was a radical leftist. His book Rules for Radicals is a democratic masterpiece.

Alinsky said that in a society there are three groups. (He was not the first, nor the last to say this.)

The first group, the smallest group, is the group who have a lot. They have a lot of power, wealth and prestige.

The second group is the “have a little want more” group.

The third group is the “have littles”.

In any democracy, this pattern appears again and again.

So, a political “entrepreneur” such as Barack Obama, a student of Alinsky, practices want Alinsky preaches.

A typically play:

Folks! I know you’re tired, I know you’re hungry, I know you”re angry.

Folks! See dem folks over there?

Dem folks be the problem right there. (Point.)

They did X, they did Y, they did Z.

So, vote for me I will do ABC and give you 1,2,3.

And what do the people do?

The principle here, is that in a democracy you identity a scapegoat group and you blame them for everything.

EVERYTHING

Bernie Sanders blamed the banks (smart but not smart enough).

Hillary Clinton blamed the American people (the “deplorables”) (stupid).

Donald Trump blamed the politicians, all of them — Democrats and Republicans. (Genius.)

So?

America is not great because the politicians who have wealth, power and prestige have failed America.

A government is a just a business. It provides goods and services to people who pay.

But has America delivered good customer service? Has Europe?

The proof of the pudding is in the eating.

And the answer is no.

In short: poor, corrupt, customer service.

This is what happens when you have a monopoly or a cartel.

Or oligarchy: rule of the few over the many for the good of the few.

So this is one reason why America is not great, and Europe is a disaster zone.

The problem is that if you get bad customer service in a business, you go elsewhere.

Most Americans, most people, dimly grasp that something is just-not-right. And Trump has, in his own way, understood this point well enough and that has allowed him to become the President.

If America is not great, and if the politicians are to blame (so says Trump), then who can make America great again?

Enter, via an escalator, Donald J Trump — the Wizard.

http://blog.dilbert.com/post/126916006856/wizard-wars

 

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How Trump Won. Part 1: Patterns, Persuasion and the Path to Presidency. 

I used to never care about Donald Trump.

I never watched the Apprentice.

When Trump began the game, coming down the escalator, I was in China. I thought, like most people, it some kind of joke and I never paid any attention.

I do, however, pay attention to many things.

One of the things I pay attention to is Islamic terrorism.

For the last fifteen years, I have paid attention to Islam and studied it most assiduously. For ten years, I have collected nearly every terrorist attack that has occurred — across the entire globe.

Muslims have carried out attacks on every civilisation (including their own), on every continent (except Antartica and South America); sticking only with the letter “B” we have: Beijing; Bangkok; Bali; Bombay; Baghdad; Beersheba; Beirut; Benghazi; Berlin; Brussels; Boston; San Bernardino and in France we saw a gruesome attack (including the use of sexual torture) in the Bataclan theatre and children being mowed down on Bastille day in Nice.

Every time Muslims execute a Jihad operation, I keep a record.

Now, I’m not just a database administrator. To me, data is illustration of general principles. I like to get the principles of a subject laid out in nice and neat little rows. The principles are like a foundation of a house, the facts are the bricks, and the logic (if A then B) are the mortar that holds the bricks together.

We are building knowledge and understanding, and every bit matters.

To object of the enterprise is understanding. To understand, as the philosopher, Wilfred Sellars said ” how things, in the broadest possible sense, fit together in the broadest possible sense.”

To understand Islam, and the ideological motivation of jihadists, the task reduces to reading A: key texts like the Koran, the biography of Muhammad and the Hadiths. Theological and philosophical works by people like Sayid Qutub, Ayatollah Khomeini, Yusuf al Qaradawi and Ayman al Zawahiri. B: Islamic history (which is Jihad.); understanding B (practice) in light of A (theory which is Jihad).

If you want to easy option start with the following:

http://bit.ly/2kfVCPC

Now, on the basis of this understanding (theory and practice) I construct various possibilities: projections, predictions and plans when I add in the rest of my background knowledge about the world and everything in it.

One of my predictions (if current trends continue X is likely or will happen) was Islam becoming a dividing point in politics.

A dividing point in a democracy is when subject X requires an either or position — no middle ground. Either you are for something or against something.

So, my prediction was that at some time T1 a political entrepreneur would take a stand on this subject and say something like “no more Muslims.”

Now, back in December, just after San Bernardino attack went into the “book”, Donald Trump sent up a rocket.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_San_Bernardino_attack

The signal.

My prediction coming home.

http://fortune.com/2016/06/28/donald-trump-muslim-ban/
http://www.wsj.com/articles/how-liberals-killed-the-freedom-of-movement-1485464612

So, I watched Trump’s speech, and I saw it. I saw that Trump had the “magic.”

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=NzOslZ5mP2g

I know a bit about rhetoric, persuasion and how to make a speech. And Trump is good.

Very good.

In fact, you could say that Trump is simply “tremendous” at persuading. Scott Adams, who I discovered by researching Trump, thinks that Trump is the best persuader he has seen in his life (Steve Jobs being second).

(See Scott’s master list for the “Master Persuader.”)

Given everything that has happened, it is hard to disagree with that judgement.

So, how did Trump win? Was it a fluke? Was it an accident? Is Trump simply a clown?

Or is there a method to the seeming madness?

Here, we will look at Trump’s “Game” and then look at the background conditions that led to the Triumph of Trump.

The Triumph of Trump represents a complete break with the governing assumptions of American governance since 1945.

His success indicates that America is now a deeply dysfunctional, divided country.

See:

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2016-06-13/american-political-decay-or-renewal

http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/democracy-and-democracies-crisis

https://www.dissentmagazine.org/online_articles/progressive-neoliberalism-reactionary-populism-nancy-fraser

https://geopoliticalfutures.com/president-elect-donald-trump/

http://www.the-american-interest.com/2016/11/21/donald-trumps-new-world-order/

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The Path to the Dark Reformation Part A: Democracy, Power and the Modern Crisis.

Part 1: Aristotle, Lenin and Orwell.

Our purpose here is to understand modern political power. Our aim is to answer Lenin’s question: “who, whom?” Who are the rulers? Who are the ruled? What is the structure and composition of political power in the West today?

1: Following Aristotle, there are three types of government:

A: Monarchy. One rules all. (The shadow form is tyranny.)

B: Aristocracy. The few rule the rest. (The shadow form is oligarchy.)

C: Democracy. The majority rule. (The shadow form is ochlocracy.)

Again, following Aristotle, the difference between the just and unjust forms (shadow forms) is that the rulers rule in the interests of the whole polis or people, and not for the sole good of the one, few or many.

D: Political power is defined formally as the ability to make, decide, interpret, clarify, revise and implement rules. In short, the ruler exercises judgement: exceptions, excisions, extensions and expansions — what is and what is not to be done, what can and what cannot be done.

Whoever exercises final, absolute judgement in government is the sovereign. Sovereigns are, by definition, absolute because no one else can overrule their ruling.

However, the sovereign can be absolute, but not necessarily powerful.

E: Power, both formally, and informally, is the ability to make one’s judgement (formal or informal rulings) obeyed. Power, in the extended sense, means command and control: over territory, over equipment, over people.

F: There are six types of power:

1: Military or force power.

2: Economic power.

3: Legal power.

4: Intellectual power.

5: Moral power.

6: Mass or “bio” power.

2: Democracy, in the strict sense, means majority rule. (Demos + Kratos — Greek for people power.)

3: Democracies can be morally or philosophically justified either intrinsically or consequentially.

A: If a democracy is justified intrinsically, then the fact that the government is based on majority rule means that no more justification is required — majority rule is self-evidently right in the moral sense. Democratic government is thus an end in itself.

B: If a democracy is justified by its consequences, then those consequences must be stipulated independently of democracy or majority rule. If not, then there is no way of independently assessing the rightness of democratic government.

4: If a democracy is justified via its consequences, then it is logically and practically possible (which is confirmed by political history and further demonstrated by modern China, Hong Kong and Singapore) that another type of government, such as a monarchy or aristocracy, could also bring about the same or better consequences than a democracy.

For example, if the desired goal is peace and prosperity, could a monarchy achieve these ends better than a democracy?

5: If a democracy is justified via its actual (not expected) consequences, then, in order for the voters to make decisions that are intended to promote the desired and expected consequences, they must have the necessary information or knowledge in order to decide (vote) wisely.

6: Assumption: knowledge — the principles, facts and conclusions regarding economics, defence, science, technology etc. etc., — relevant to political decision making in any government, but especially modern government, is difficult (not self-evident) to discover and understand.

Furthermore, understanding and using such knowledge in governing requires decision makers with experience and understanding of the relevant facts, and in using such knowledge practically.

Lastly, we assume that the acquisition of such knowledge and experience usually requires a person to focus (specialise) in usually one or two areas (such as defence or economics), at most. It is practically impossible for someone to possess full knowledge, understanding and experience of all knowledge relevant to governance.

7: Specialist knowledge, relevant to voter choice, is not, usually, provided by the same “specialists” (such as a scientist, an economist or a military strategist) but by “middle-men” who serve as specialists in providing such information to the voters (the general public).

8: The governments of the West, such as the U.S.A. the U.K, and the European Union claim to be democratic or represent democratic values. However, the precise, publicly available, legal and philosophical definition of democracy used by these governments is unclear. What is clear, however, is that the above regimes would claim, most emphatically, that they are neither (absolute) monarchies nor oligarchies.

9: A monarchy is a government where one rules all.

A: Monarchies can be absolute or limited.

B: Monarchies can be secular or religious.

C: Monarchies can be heredity or non-heredity.

10: An oligarchy is where the few rule the rest.  There can be many types of oligarchies:

A: Military.

B: Financial.

C: Legal.

D: Intellectual or religious.

E: Party Political.

F: Some combination of all of the above.

11: We assume that Western states are not (absolute) monarchies.

12: We want, therefore, to determine if Western states are democracies or oligarchies. (We exclude aristocracy because if the regimes are not democratic, as publicly advertised, then they are automatically degenerate or Orwellian, and so are oligarchies.)

Part 2: England: An Orwellian State.

England is the mother of Parliaments and the (second) birthplace of democracy.

14: Is England, however, a democracy, or democratic in its values?

The English/British system advertises itself as a Constitutional Monarchy (though it has no constitution), and a Parliamentary Democracy that is supreme (though it isn’t).

https://www.gov.uk/government/how-government-works

http://h2g2.com/edited_entry/A591383

15: We claim that the answer is no: England is not a democracy; England is an Orwellian state.

16: We provide the following as evidence for 15:

A: England has an “unelected” House Of Lords; an “official” church and state religion; a monarch whose influence in the political process, while greatly diminished, is unclear.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/oct/28/house-of-lords-democracy-accountability-reform

B: England has unelected judges who interpret and determine laws, including constitutional questions; thus, it is Supreme Court Judges who determine the “exception”.

The sovereign (the ultimate authority) is one who “rules” or “overrules” the rest; thus, it is the Supreme Court who is “Supreme” — the power of the “last word.”

(Though this itself is not completely true, as we shall see, the situation is more “Kafkaesque”.)

http://www.express.co.uk/news/https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/oct/28/house-of-lords-democracy-accountability-reform/728492/brexit-ruling-anger-high-court-article-50-brexit-news-brexit-judgement

Who? Whom? The people? Parliament? The Judges?

C: English citizens and English law are, nevertheless, subject to the European Court of Human Rights — an unelected, foreign panel of judges. No majority vote ever ratified this, and no national voting process can, legally, end it — after all the judge, or “rulers” can simply “over-rule” the vote.

http://www.libdemvoice.org/opinion-the-human-rights-act-undemocratic-and-illiberal-46023.html

https://www.rt.com/uk/192248-lord-judge-echr-democracy/

D: Scottish Members of Parliament, elected in Scotland, can vote on English laws, while English Parliamentarians do not have the same power. By way of comparison, what if, for example, French politicians could vote on English laws? (They already can with the EU). Would this be considered democratic? Or, what if rich tycoons could simply buy seats in Parliament? (They already can with the House of Lords.)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Lothian_question

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/mar/21/revealed-link-life-peerages-party-donations

Is this democratic or undemocratic?

E: For Parliament to pass new legislation it requires a majority in the house; so here we have, at least, the principle of majority rule; however, this is, in fact, a minority who are making laws for everyone else which is the definition of oligarchical government.

F: To become a member of the house of Parliament, one must be elected via the first past the post system; the winner is determined by simply having the most votes. This system, however, means in theory and practice that a candidate can win, though the majority of “actual” voters voted against them. This is called splitting the vote; it is also known as divide and rule.

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/may/09/electoral-reform-society-result-nail-in-coffin-first-past-the-post

G: The majority of the population in England do not vote in elections, anyway. Probably, the main reason given would be that it’s pointless.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/general-election-2015/11551700/More-people-than-ever-do-not-bother-to-vote-in-general-elections.html

H: Whoever commands a majority in Parliament, now based on the party system, forms the government.

I: However, in respect of H, the majority did not give either consent to, or voted for, the governing party. (Democracy means majority rule.)

J: The major political parties in England are the Conservative, Labour and Liberal Democrat parties. Two other parties, despite winning, in some cases, millions of votes, have no or only one or two MPs; thus these voters have no “voice” or power or “representation” in Parliament. This is a result of electoral boundaries or “gerrymandering”. Who decides the boundaries? Ultimately, it’s the political parties themselves.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/sep/13/boundary-changes-tories-ruthless-gerrymandering

http://littlejohn.dailymail.co.uk/2011/09/after-13-years-of-labour-gerrymandering-the-boundary-commissions-proposals-are-modest-to-say-the-lea.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-32954807

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3074806/Is-voting-broken-Cameron-takes-half-seats-votes-Ukip-s-3-9million-votes-gets-one-MP.html

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/may/09/margate-ukip-greens-electoral-reform-farage

K: Networks of party elites select potential MPs and decide where they stand for election — a top-down process called “short-lists”.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/daniel-ozarow/unrepresentative-house-inconvenient-truth-about-our-members-of-parliament

L: In England, there is what is called “safe seats” (areas where one party dominates). Parties can, therefore, “parachute” favoured or VIP party members and the loyal supporters will, reliably, elect and re-elect and re-elect them again to Parliament. If candidates or Parliamentarians lose, safer seats can always be found.

http://www.votenone.org.uk/uk-unheard-third.html

M: In “seats” which are competitive, many voters vote for one of the two main parties (Conservative or Labour), not because they prefer the candidate or party, but because they prefer the other candidate and party not to “win”. This is called “tactical” or “insincere” voting. Democracies which use the “first past the post” system will, as a result of the system, naturally evolve into a “two-party” system — a duopoly in other words.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tactical_voting

http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21644147-britains-slide-six-party-politics-presages-instability-and-crisis-legitimacy-great

N: There are many issues, such as the death penalty, immigration, or European Union membership, where the majority wishes are not made law or represented by Parliament.

https://www.migrationwatchuk.org/briefingpaper/document/249

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/TCM-BritishPublicOpinion.pdf

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment_in_the_United_Kingdom

We ask: Is England a monarchy, a democracy, or an oligarchy?

A democracy is a government based on majority rule, where the laws are based on the choices of the majority.

An oligarchy is a government where the few rule the rest; where the laws are made by the few either with or without the support of the majority.

We claim that England is an oligarchy.

Consequently, England is an Orwellian state.

An Orwellian state is a state which claims to be one thing (a democracy but is, in reality, another (an oligarchy). (There are many other ways England is an Orwellian state, but this will serve as the chief claim.)

If an oligarchy whose rule —its decisions and laws — are in agreement with majority wishes we can thus it call a “popular oligarchy”. An oligarchy, meanwhile, which rules contrary to the wishes of the majority we can thus call “authoritarian oligarchy”.

Is England a popular or an authoritarian oligarchy?

Part 3: Church, State and Democracy in America.

Section A: The Orwellian State.

17: We claim that America is an Orwellian state.

A: There are three, complementary, meanings of the term “Orwellian”.

B: The first sense is a state whose government advertises itself as one thing, but is, in reality, another. For example, the People’s Republic of China is governed by the Communist Party which advertises itself as “Communist”. However, are they actually adhering to the principles of Marx-Leninism? No.

C: The second sense of the term is a state which uses propaganda to “manufacture consent”. Manufacturing consent or propaganda can extend to anything — anything.

D: The third sense is a state that uses surveillance, informants, “struggle sessions” and “five minute hates” to practice and enforce thought-control or crimethink.

E: We claim that America is an Orwellian state in all three senses.

18: Firstly, recall claims six and seven from part 1.

Democracy is majority rule, or to weaken this definition, we can say that democracy is a system of government where political power (decisions, laws and policies) are in the hands —or rather the minds — of the majority.

19: Voting is a choice. Choices, if they are not to be arbitrary, require information.

Many questions, relevant to voting, require “specialists” to discover and understand the necessary information. However, discovery and understanding of such information is one thing, communicating such information to the public is another.

Whoever, or whatever, controls the production, distribution and supply of information, they then control, or at least influence, the minds of voters; consequently, they thus control or influence the choices of voters.

Thus, those who are in the art and science of controlling or influencing —moulding, manufacturing and motivating —the “masses” therefore command the masses, and by commanding the masses, they then control the state.

However, if these people, and the institutions they work for, are formally or informally a part or a branch of the state, then it is government (who) controlling the people, and not the people (whom) controlling the government. If not, then who, whom?

David Hume said that all governments are founded on “opinion”. A modern, mass democracy, is supposed to be founded and governed, or at least guided by public opinion.

However, if public opinion guides the government, and if public opinion is itself guided……

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Bernays

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_(book)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Lippmann

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journalism#Lippmann-Dewey

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Opinion_(book)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Committee_on_Public_Information

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Office_of_Censorship

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voice_of_America

http://www.globalresearch.ca/obama-quietly-signs-propaganda-act-to-counter-fake-news-eu-to-follow-suit/5565373

Section B: Separation of Church and State.

20: American has, as a constitutional principle, separation of church and state.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Separation_of_church_and_state_in_the_United_States

21: The reason why separation of church and state is thought to be important in a democracy is because if a church, such as the Catholic Church, tells the voters how to vote, and if the church has sufficient influence and control over the beliefs and behaviours of sufficient numbers of voters, then the church, via the voters, controls the government.

Thus, the concept of a democratic government is nullified, because the real political power is in the hands of a religious oligarchy. These types of oligarchies, or if they are monarchies, are called theocracies.

22: If a church (a religious oligarchy) controls the government, then it can use the power of the government to benefit itself and harm the interests and rights of its rivals.

23: What, however, is a church?

A church is an organisation that assumes certain specialist knowledge about reality (reality defined in the broadest possible sense); secondly, a church informs and often requires people to believe certain things about reality, value certain ideals, and act in certain morally “necessary” or “obligatory” ways.

Simply put, a church is an organisation that tells people what to believe, what to value, and what to do.

Crucially, however, a church often commands obedience under threat of punishment of some kind; for example, spiritual, legal, moral and or social punishment (shaming and ostracising).

24: What is a university?

A university is an institution that claims to possess specialist knowledge of reality (reality defined in the broadest possible sense). Secondly, universities tell students and people what to believe, what to value and what to do. Thirdly, universities can punish students and staff (institutionally, morally and socially) for failing to believe, value and act in ways the university demands.

http://www.harvard.edu/about-harvard/harvard-glance

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers#Summers.27s_opposition_and_support_at_Harvard

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-37869062

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jun/30/the-guardian-view-on-the-tim-hunt-affair-an-explosive-combination-of-science-sexism-and-social-media

http://www.mindingthecampus.org/2007/09/the_hidden_impact_of_political/

What, however, is the difference between a church (defined in 23) and a university (defined in 24)?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/University#Medieval_universities

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Harvard_University

Section C: Who informs the informers?

25: Who informs the public?

That is, who tells the public what to believe, what to value and what to do, including “who” to vote for?

Answer: Journalists directly. Teachers inform indirectly via political or civic education in primary and secondary schools.

26: Who teaches the teachers? (Journalists and teachers.)

Answer: Other teachers. Or, to be more exact, professors.

Who teaches professors?

Answer: other professors.

27: Where do professors teach?

Answer: universities.

28: Who decides if someone can become a professor, and teach other, potential teachers, journalists and professors?

Answer: other professors.

29: In a theocracy (where the church controls the state), the church is funded and supported via the state either by taxation, borrowing or by fiat money created by the government.

In Western democracies, who funds the universities?

Answer: The government, mostly.

30: How is a government funded?

Answer: a government is funded either by taxing the people, borrowing, or creating money by fiat.

31: If America requires separation of church and state, and IF universities are churches, then how are the universities and state separate?

Who, whom?

Are universities controlled by the government, or is government controlled by universities?

Part 4: The Corporation.

32: A corporation is an organised body of people working together for a common purpose.

33: The basic structure and composition of a corporation are executive, managers and employees.

A: An Army is a corporation with a Field Marshall (an executive), officers (managers) and privates (employees).

B: A football club is a corporation with a manager (the executive, in England they are called “gaffers”), “backroom staff” (managers) such as the coach, the physiotherapist, and other trainers; finally there are the players (employees).

C: The American government (USG) is a corporation with an executive, (President); managers (senior civil servants, senators, judges, and generals); the employees, meanwhile, are junior civil servants and public servants such as the police, firefighters, doctors, teachers, lawyers, scientists, public health inspectors and diversity officers.

34: The United States Government, like the European Union, like the People’s Republic of China, is a corporation. What, however, is the purpose of the United States Corporation?

35: Can a corporation be a democracy, however? (Democracy defined as majority rule, where the laws and decisions are made by the majority; or, less concretely, where the government is guided by public opinion.)

A: An army is not a democracy.

B: A football club is not a democracy.

C: For-profit corporations (such as Apple or Amazon) are not democracies.

Corporations are rarely, if ever, democratic.

Is America a democracy or a corporation?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_of_command

http://www.geekculture.com/joyoftech/joyarchives/2236.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons

Part 5: Priests of the Demos.

36: Firstly, recall propositions 5, 6 and 7, 18, 24 and 25.

Recap: A democracy is majority rule, or at least involves popular elections; the voters, meanwhile, must be able to make informed choices in a democracy.

Successful, prudent governance depends upon sound information (or knowledge).

Specialists are necessary to discover and organise such information.

However, the specialists who discover or systematise specialist knowledge are often unable and uninterested in communicating this to the majority, or the general public; thus a different type of specialists are required to communicate this information to voters.

Power in a democracy supposedly depends upon public opinion; thus, whoever is able to command, control and channel public opinion can command and control the government.

The “specialists” who inform the public directly are called journalists.

No one elects journalists.

The specialists who indirectly inform the public (when they are in infancy, adolescence and early adulthood) are called teachers and professors.

No one elects teachers or professors.

Who informs the informers? Who teaches the teachers?

Answer: Professors, who teach, or who profess, in a university.

Again, no one elects professors.

A university is a kind of church. A university tells students what to believe, what to value, and what to do.

The church, or the university, has three “principal”, “direct and indirect” ways of influencing and controlling the government: professors who influence and control prospective and junior professors; professors who teach journalists; professors who teach teachers.

37: What other members of the government, however, does the university (church) usually influence?

A: Politicians.

All American Presidents, in the last century, have attended university.

Obama, for example, was a professor of law and got his degrees from Columbia and Harvard University.

John Kennedy studied at Harvard.

Franklin Roosevelt studied at Harvard.

Woodrow Wilson was President of Princeton and a graduate of Harvard.

Obama joins list of seven presidents with Harvard degrees

In England, the key Cabinet members, and Prime Ministers, have all attended university, and many have studied a specially tailored course called Politics, Philosophy and Economics (David Cameron and George Osborne are two such examples); other politicians have often studied law at university (Tony Blair is one such example).

http://www.spectator.co.uk/2014/09/the-politics-of-ppe/

B: Lawyers and judges are taught at universities by law professors.

C: Senior civil servants are taught at university.

D: Political activists, strategists, staffers and spin doctors are taught at university.

E: Economists, financiers and bankers are taught at universities.

All the people who govern, or exercise power and influence over the government, were taught at university by unelected professors, paid, of course, by the government.

How would you feel if all these people were taught at madrassas or the Catholic Church instead?

38: If a university is a church, and if professors are like theologians, are teachers, journalists, judges, lawyers, civil servants, and politicians not a kind of priest then?

Priests, however, require a doctrine, an ideology.

Do the members of the governing, oligarchic class have an ideology, a doctrine, a religion?

Part 6: Catholicism and Universalism.

39: Catholic means universal. Roman Catholicism is a universal religion for all humanity because all humans are created equal in the eyes of God. All men, from all cultures, countries and races can be Catholics.

Roman Catholicism is a system comprising of beliefs, values and commands.

Roman Catholicism is a universal system.

40: Do the oligarchic class of Western democracies have an ideology, if so, what?

41: Claim: all members of the oligarchy share a fundamental, architectonic, belief in human equality and or uniformity: physical, psychological, and moral.

Nevertheless, this mixture of epistemic beliefs (“facts”) and moral values are only rarely explicitly and authoritatively defined. Furthermore, the beliefs and values do not usually rest upon authoritative texts (except, perhaps, for legal definitions). Disputes inevitably arise among the more intellectual members of the oligarchy as to scope, nature and application of these beliefs and values.

However, these beliefs and values will be collectively defended against questioning and criticism.

See:

https://www.edge.org/conversation/steven_pinker-preface-to-dangerous-ideas

http://www.newstatesman.com/node/156284

http://inversions-and-deceptions.com

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40806-016-0081-5

http://www.humanbiologicaldiversity.com

42: The test that is proposed for verifying both a believer in the ideology of the oligarchy and of the existence of the ideology itself is the following questions:

A: Do you believe it is possible that physical, cognitive, emotional, and personality differences resulting from innate, biological, genetic or neurological differences plausibly can explain —in ways currently undetermined —observable and measurable differences in human intellectual and physical abilities?

B: Are all humans equally valuable, thus providing, at least presumptively, that they should be treated morally, legally and politically uniformly?

A negative answer to the first and a positive answer to the second will likely reveal that the respondent is a subscriber to the oligarchical ideology.

Further “tells” will be emotional discomfort involved in answering the question; closed-mindedness to any kind of contradictory evidence or argument; and most importantly, offence, disgust or anger at even being asked to answer or even consider the questions.

43: Upon verification, further tests can be conducted.

The hypothesis advanced here is that the respondent will answer affirmatively, or positively, to the following propositions:

A: Culture explains more about human behaviour than biology.

B: Humans are, by and large, peaceful, altruistic and sociable.

C: Human aggression, criminality and exploitative behaviours are best explained as consequences of poverty, abuse, poor schooling and or discrimination.

D: Governments can solve or greatly improve problems in C by intervening in society and re-distributing wealth; implementing affirmative action policies, and requiring institutions to be “diverse”.

E: Democracy is the only justified type of government.

F: Humans have human rights.

G: Government institutions should avoid “politics” and “partisan behaviour” in favour of impartial, informed and responsible civil service management.

H: All humans should be treated equally.

I: Religious belief, such as Catholicism, should not serve as the basis of legislation.

J: Progressive taxation of wealthy individuals and corporations is a good and necessary policy in order to benefit those who are disadvantaged and discriminated against.

K: Certain restrictions should be placed on “speech” on grounds of avoiding hurt, offence and or racial or religious “incitement”.

L: Corporations are a threat to human liberty and dignity.

M: Teachers, academics and journalists should not be censored or punished by the government.

N: Judges have a duty not just to implement the law as written, but to interpret and implement laws that are actually just.

O: Governments have a duty to intervene in society in order to ensure fair and just outcomes.

P: It is morally acceptable for privileged students to show solidarity with oppressed groups by “no-platforming” (censoring) speakers who incite bigotry and hatred.

Q: Nationalism — the belief that loyalty to one’s country is good, and that the state should advance the interests of a nation over other nations — is bad.

R: Western nations have oppressed and exploited foreign cultures and peoples in the past; colonialism and imperialism denied subject peoples the right to national self-determination.

S: Men and women, in general, have few, if any, intellectual and emotional differences; what differences do exist are a consequence of “socialising”, probably unjust “socialising”.

T: There is no God-given morality because there is no God; thus, there is no absolute right and wrong.

U: All humans are equal, all humans have rights, all humans have moral duties towards all other humans. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a brilliant creation (discovery?) that inspires a vision of Universal Humanity United by a common moral code.

44: The above statements can be defined as part of the ideology, or religion, of Universalism.

The greater the assent, and the stronger the emotional affirmation of the above statements, the more a person represents the Universalist ideology.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Universalism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congregational_church#Unitarianism

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_socialism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressivism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_Era

http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/philosophy/human-rights-religion-christianity-philosophy-theology

45: What are the similarities and differences between Catholicism and Universalism?

A: Both claim to be universally applicable, but with some subsidiarity (small scale, local variations in application and practice).

B: Both claim to have foundations in reason.

C: Both claim to be true, good and right.

D: Both claim to value and desire peace, but both accept the philosophical, moral and legal necessity of war to advance the aims of peace — peace according to their respective ideologies.

E: Both form comprehensive doctrines regarding politics, law, economics, education, morality, family, sex, race and other religions.

F: Both make use of authorities, authoritative texts and authoritative structures.

For example, the Catholic Church claims that the Pope is infallible in matters of faith; that priests have “teaching authority” and are responsible for the beliefs, values and behaviours of the flock; the Catholic Church makes use of a number of authoritative texts such as Canon law, Papal decrees, theological arguments and the Bible. The Catholic Church’s structure is based explicitly on hierarchy and authority.

Universalists, despite having no Pope, see Supreme Justices as, while not infallible, having final authority over all questions that are brought to it.

Teachers, professors and journalists, meanwhile, possess university granted, and institutional, government sanctioned authority to teach, inform, monitor and judge people’s beliefs, values and actions.

Priests, teachers and journalists are not elected, nor can they lose their authority and power via election or recall; they are not subject to the authority of elected politicians (a politician cannot fire journalists, teachers or professors).

Positive law is the ultimate textual source of authority for Universalists. Crafted by lawyers, lobbyists and other unknown persons; interpreted by lawyers and judges, and enforced by state-controlled police; individual consent and voluntary contract with these laws are, of course, irrelevant; compliance is absolutely categorical — unless so interpreted by a prosecutor or judge. (Needless to say, lawyers and judges – with some exceptions in America – are not elected and cannot be removed from public office by popular vote, or fired by politicians.)

Humans who are born into Universalist countries (America, England and Germany say) are as subject to these involuntarily imposed laws, as Muslims are to Sharia law in Saudi Arabia (a theocracy).

Universalists, furthermore, also have “authoritarian” (non-democratic) structures:

1: Local, State, Federal Courts and an International legal system. These legal systems are hierarchical and exclusive.

For example, entry requirements are university legal degrees, then entry examinations, then promotion (selection) from within the system. Finally, these legal systems are closed to democratic control, influence and accountability, except in an attenuated way. For example, in America, the President nominates Supreme Court Justices who are then passed with the Senate committee’s approval. As for the Judges of the European Court of Human Rights, they are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. Who elects the “Assembly”? National governments either selects, or their Parliament elects people to the Assembly.

http://www.the-american-interest.com/2016/07/01/rule-of-lawyers/

http://blogs.spectator.co.uk/2015/10/the-rule-of-law-is-being-usurped-by-the-rule-of-lawyers/

2: Civil service bureaucracy. Local to national to transnational: Whitehall, the “Fed”, the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and, of course, the bureaucratic masterpiece: the European Union. Again, the civil service bureaucracies are hierarchical, exclusive, and closed to democratic control, influence and accountability.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_cage

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Burnham#The_Managerial_Revolution

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yes_Minister

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_choice

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureaucratic_collectivism

https://balkin.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/skeptical-view-of-constitution-worship.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/12176234/Nine-deceptions-in-our-history-with-the-EU.html

To read the book The Great Deception see:

http://eureferendum.com/blogview.aspx?blogno=85035

3: The “Press”. Informal hierarchies, networks, “status publications” and cliques exist. The press frame the agenda, set the parameters of “discourse” and decide what and what not to focus on. The 2016 Presidential election has provided a wealth of information that demonstrates corruption, bias and the power of the press. However, following the election of Trump, it is clear that the traditional press is weakening.

Background:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Opinion_(book)

http://folk.ntnu.no/tronda/articles/media-dynamics.pdf

http://www.discoverthenetworks.org

http://www.people-press.org/2000/04/30/self-censorship-how-often-and-why/

https://sites.google.com/site/mainstreammediacensorship/rather-dan

http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2009/03/real-journalism-versus-professional-journalism.html

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-12-08/new-poll-ranks-credibility-mainstream-media-outlets

http://www.niemanwatchdog.org/blog/?p=53

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/7044e805a95a4b7da5533b1b9ab75cd2/group-helped-sell-iran-nuke-deal-also-funded-media#

http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2012/09/3-time-emmy-award-winning-cnn-journalist-mainstream-media-takes-money-from-foreign-dictators-to-run-flattering-propaganda.html

http://www.cnsnews.com/blog/barbara-hollingsworth/poll-45-americans-say-news-media-poses-primary-threat-outcome-us

The 2016 Election: Trump, Clinton, the Press, Propaganda, Intellectual “Bubbles” and Bias.

The Media War Against Trump.

http://www.newsbusters.org/blogs/nb/rich-noyes/2016/10/25/mrc-study-documenting-tvs-twelve-weeks-trump-bashing

https://shorensteincenter.org/news-coverage-2016-general-election/

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-10/reuters-explains-how-it-rigged-its-polls

www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/10/26/the-media-is-priming-donald-trump-supporters-for-a-loss/?utm_term=.517d0010003a

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/nov/2/florida-newspaper-apologizes-for-anti-donald-trump/

https://theintercept.com/2016/09/06/the-unrelenting-pundit-led-effort-to-delegitimize-all-negative-reporting-about-hillary-clinton/

https://theintercept.com/2017/01/11/the-deep-state-goes-to-war-with-president-elect-using-unverified-claims-as-dems-cheer/

The New York Times:

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/08/business/balance-fairness-and-a-proudly-provocative-presidential-candidate.html?_r=0

http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2016/11/12/new-york-times-publisher-vows-to-rededicate-itself-to-reporting-honestly.html

http://deadline.com/2016/11/shocked-by-trump-new-york-times-finds-time-for-soul-searching-1201852490/

http://dailycaller.com/2016/11/21/tidal-wave-of-nyt-readers-vote-no-on-echo-chamber-of-liberal-intellectualism/

Collusion:

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2016/12/09/mika_brzezinski_clinton_campaign_tried_to_get_me_pulled_off_the_air.html

http://dailycaller.com/2016/11/03/politico-reporter-gets-caught-again-sending-a-story-to-a-clinton-staffer-for-approval/?utm_campaign=atdailycaller&utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=Social

http://observer.com/2016/10/no-consequences-from-media-peers-for-reporters-caught-colluding-with-hillary/

https://www.publicintegrity.org/2016/10/17/20330/journalists-shower-hillary-clinton-campaign-cash

http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/wikileaks-dnc-and-cnn-colluded-on-questions-for-trump-cruz/article/2606651

http://dailycaller.com/2016/11/06/wikileaks-show-washington-post-writer-asked-dnc-for-anti-trump-research/

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-06/leaked-memo-confirms-hillary-was-given-questions-ahead-interview

Bubbles:

http://election.princeton.edu/2016/11/06/is-99-a-reasonable-probability/

http://quillette.com/2016/11/12/donald-trump-and-the-failure-of-mainstream-social-science/

http://www.mrctv.org/blog/fail-prweek-s-survey-22-pr-pros-found-zero-predictions-trump

Commentary:

http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/12/06/manufacturing-normality/

http://donsurber.blogspot.co.uk/2016/08/we-are-not-alone-in-calling-out-anti.html#more

https://mises.org/blog/mainstream-media-goes-full-mccarthyite

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/interrogation/2016/07/glenn_greenwald_on_donald_trump_the_dnc_hack_and_a_new_mccarthyism.html

http://www.dailywire.com/news/10555/how-political-medias-corruption-destroyed-americas-john-nolte

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2016/10/13/trump_most_powerful_weapon_used_by_clintons_is_corporate_media_no_longer_involved_in_journalism.html

http://www.unz.com/isteve/at-nyt-talented-reporters-scrambled-to-match-stories-with-what-internally-was-often-called-the-narrative/

http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/content/opinion-trump%E2%80%99s-taiwan-call-wasn%E2%80%99t-blunder-it-was-brilliant

https://pjmedia.com/richardfernandez/2016/11/07/the-trust-vacuum/

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/31/the-podesta-emails-show-who-runs-america

The Guardian’s “explanation” of what is going wrong:

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/jul/12/how-technology-disrupted-the-truth

4: The University system . Universities have formal hierarchies among professors, but also informal hierarchies of prestige (impact). Universities have league tables as well as informal hierarchies of prestige.

The most prestigious university in the world is Harvard University.

If a university is a church, and if the Vatican is the pre-eminent religious institution of the Catholic Church, then Harvard is like the “head church” —the “Vatican” — of Universalism.

Again, professors, departments, funding, and institutional behaviour are not subject to elections, except for small and unimportant universities.

However, universities, like with the judicial system, the civil service and the press, are entirely insulated from the “democratic will of the people”; carping malcontents in California have as much democratic power over Harvard as Hungarians do over Oxford.

What Harvard is to the universities, The New York Times is to the press,

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger is the publisher and Chairman of the New York Times; he has, unsurprisingly, degrees from Tufts and Harvard. Harvard, Tufts and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all in Massachusetts. Massachusetts is part of New England, America’s North East, where all the “Ivy League” universities are. New England was founded by English Puritan separatists. The most influential among the Puritans, were called “Boston Brahmins”.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Brahmin

The “Brahmins” are the most influential group in America history. It was they who began the “Boston Tea Party” and started the American war of secession.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Tea_Party

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Adams

It was the Brahmins in Massachusetts, New England, who started the abolitionist movement, the transcendentalist movement (one of their beliefs was of innate human goodness); furthermore, Massachusetts was also the first state in America to recognise same-sex marriage:and also in implementing “Obamacare.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_health_care_reform

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_Massachusetts

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Walker_(abolitionist)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lloyd_Garrison

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcendentalism

Massachusetts is the cultural, religious, moral and political power in America.

Since America is the most powerful country in the world, that makes the current Brahmins of New England, Massachusetts and Harvard the world’s power elite, the power centre —the rulers of the ruled.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_New_England

“Global leadership” Power and Power:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samantha_Power

Where does progress come from?

It comes from Harvard.

It comes from the New York Times.

Harvard formulates “policy” and trains the “priests” and the Protest (protestant) leaders.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Winslow_Taylor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_Era

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_governance

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_policy_school

https://www.hks.harvard.edu/degrees/teaching-courses/course-listing/iga-103

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amy_Goodman

The New York Times, meanwhile, formulates “propaganda” and promotes the various “policies”; then, secondary publications and outlets follow the “fashionable” and “influential” New York Times who then persuade or educate the minor priests (teachers, activists, celebrities); they then persuade people in their “social network”. And so on……down……

From Protestantism to Puritanism to Progressivism to Power.

Again, to return to our theme of democracy and power, there is zero democratic control over the Times or Harvard University.

It is irrelevant if more people read the National Tattler as do the Times; because, as the Times has it with “all the news that’s fit to print”, all the people that matter read the New York Times.

And by people that matter, we mean the oligarchy:

Here is a random sample of Harvard’s “Brahmins” past and present. Study their beliefs, their actions, and their social networks. Look for patterns and continuities, evolutions and divergences across the last three-hundred-years. The following are not intended to be the most powerful, or influential – though they, of course, are – it is simply a quasi-random selection:

1: John Adams.

2: John Quincy Adams.

3: Charles Francis Adams Jr.

4: Theodore and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

5: John Kennedy.

6: Herbert Bush.

7: Barack Obama.

8: Walter Lippmann.

9: Louis Brandeis.

10: Robert McNamara.

11: Charles Peter Philip Paul McColough.

12: David Rockefeller.

13: Arthur Meier Schlesinger Sr and Jr.

14: Elena Kagan.

15: Al Gore.

16: Jared Diamond.

17: Henry Kissinger.

18: Samantha Power.

19: Margaret Atwood.

20: Ray Dalio.

21: Ellen Pao.

22:  Steve Ballmer.

24: Sheryl Sanderberg.

25: John Rawls.

26: Edward Said.

27: Patricia Greenspan.

28: Amy Goodman.

29: Nicholas Kristof.

30: William Kristol.

31: Ursula Kroeber Le Guin.

32: Natalie Portman.

33: William Ellery Channing.

34: Theodore Parker.

The Founder and Presidents of Harvard, past and present:

X: John Harvard.

XX: James Bryant Conant.

XXX: Catharine Drew Gilpin Faust.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Harvard_University_people

The above people (those alive anyway) constitute an extended “social network” or a caste, an ideological/religious oligarchy. They rule America, and since America rules (much) of the world, they thus rule the world.

Harvard and other “Ivy League” universities are, by their very nature, “elite” institutions.

Elitism cannot co-exist with equality.

Elitism and aristocracy cannot co-exist with democracy.

Who? Whom?

5: Political Parties. Political Parties are oligarchies within the oligarchy. Their informal rule-based structure, the constant faction fights and political backstabbing; their vertical integration of town, county, state and country reveal them to be nothing more than a cartel, or an organised criminal fraternity who engage in racketeering, bribery, corruption and extortion of the subjects they wield near exclusive control over.

The American parties — Democrats and Republicans — probably receive billions of dollars’ worth of foreign money ( from states, monarchs, dictators and corporations) who in exchange for money receive whatever favours and privileges Senators and Presidents can grant.

The parties are nearly, but not quite, democracy proof. The Trump insurrection and the Bernie Sanders debacle have not only demonstrated gaping holes in the oligarch’s security fence but that the voting public is exasperated by the pre-selected, uniform, asinine candidates.

http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2008/12/history_comedy.html

http://townhall.com/columnists/wayneallynroot/2014/04/02/is-the-democrat-party-an-organized-criminal-enterprise-n1817645

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartel_party_theory

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulatory_capture

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolving_door_(politics)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_triangle_(US_politics)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-echochambers-27074746

https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/mgilens/files/gilens_and_page_2014_-testing_theories_of_american_politics.doc.pdf

http://www.unz.com/article/political-sciences-theory-of-everything/

All in all, 500 years after the Protestant Reformation, we now have a kind of inverted pre-Reformation Catholic Church.

Part 7: Conclusions, Implications and Further Considerations.

47: The conclusions drawn from this analysis then is the following:

The design and evolution of the oligarchical structure are not in service of democracy, or to advance democratic aims and agendas, but to expressly prevent it.

http://www.fabians.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Post-Democracy.pdf

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/nov/10/jurgen-habermas-europe-post-democratic

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/dec/06/mario-monti-technocracy-europe

Wikileaks Proves Primary Was Rigged: DNC Undermined Democracy

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-democracy

Again, governments can either be monarchies, democracies, or oligarchies.

The structure and composition of Western states are best defined as an Orwellian, ideological/religious oligarchy.

The problem, however, is that the oligarchical structure is out of control, like late Republican Rome.

This is so for two reasons:

A: The structure itself is unstable. No corporate executive, or business professor or strategist would ever tolerate or teach the current system as a desirable management structure.

B: The oligarchy exists in an intellectual bubble. Their understanding of the world is inaccurate; consequently, the practical conclusions derived from such false premises lead to unintended and perverse consequences. Furthermore, the structure of government creates perverse feedback loops in which the government attempts to achieve or avoid X but ends up bringing X about, or making X worse. The consequence of this is the expansion of government itself, and so on, and so on……

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-09-21/three-stages-empire

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unintended_consequences

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtuous_circle_and_vicious_circle

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_law_of_prohibition

https://www.twigh.org/twigh-blog-archives/2015/7/31/aid-dependency-the-damage-of-donation

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welfare_dependency

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Terror

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gray_(philosopher)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_the_Genealogy_of_Morality

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overton_window

The oligarchical structure has enslaved, impoverished and degraded the lives, liberties and well-being of its own subject while enriching themselves.

The structure and the oligarchical ideology (in past and present evolutions) have wreaked death and destruction across the entire globe.

The structure maintains its control via massive, invasive, ingenious propaganda, mass distraction and manufactured controversy; in addition, the structure makes use of thought-police, crimethink and good-think, informants and surveillance; purges, show trials, inquisitions and the occasional use of paramilitary violence.

The structure’s Orwellian sham of multi-party democracy maintains the illusion of choice and competition.

The structure’s ingenious hybrid of Huxlean hedonism and Orwellian thought-control has allowed it to bamboozle and brow-beat not only its own people but foreign states; ironically, it has bamboozled even itself:

https://pjmedia.com/richardfernandez/2016/12/10/situational-unawareness/

https://pjmedia.com/richardfernandez/2016/12/14/james-t-putin/

http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/michael-j-totten/washington’s-idiotic-echo-chamber

The structure, however, is breaking down.

Security for itself and its subject populations is slowly deteriorating, while its ability to win wars and intimidate enemies is increasingly being challenged and questioned.

http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/RP99-111/RP99-111.pdf

http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1253.html

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-12-10/france-extends-emergency-law-as-terrorist-threat-remains-high

http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1325

https://www.thecipherbrief.com/article/middle-east/need-strategy-well-tactics-1089

https://www.thecipherbrief.com/article/middle-east/al-qaeda-growing-stronger-minute-1089

http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-europe-attacks-timeline-idUKKCN1061Q4

https://www.yahoo.com/news/germany-warns-threat-more-500-potential-attackers-142053075.html

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/439910/911-anniversary-fifteen-years-later-islamic-jihadism-still-threat

The structure’s economic system, meanwhile, based on flawed assumptions, fiat money, fractional reserve banking and maturity transformation, as well as outsourcing, mass immigration, cheap credit and free trade has, while enriching and empowering the oligarchy, impoverished and, especially for the younger generation, chained them to a lifetime of debt and wage slavery.

https://mises.org/library/failure-new-economics-0

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/oct/20/alan-greenspan-cult-of-expert-and-how-it-collapsed

https://mises.org/blog/inflation-may-be-causing-long-term-rise-unemployment

https://mises.org/blog/bank-england-turns-more-easy-money

https://mises.org/blog/we-cant-live-borrowed-time-and-borrowed-money-forever

http://www.gallup.com/file/reports/198923/NoRecovery_FINAL_120516.pdf

Finally, the media, rather than investigate, report and interrogate the various problems, engages in techniques of propaganda and distraction; the result, as with artificial currency inflation, is a steadily deteriorating deflation of public trust in established, official, government and state, informational institutions.

48: Politics is the struggle for power and pre-eminence.

This is a truth readily seen from history; from contemporary observations and from the study of biology and evolutionary psychology.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_realism_(international_relations)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Melos#The_Melian_Dialogue

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Roman_Revolution

https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/morg6.htm

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilfredo_Pareto#Sociology

https://www.edge.org/conversation/napoleon_chagnon-steven_pinker-richard_wrangham-daniel_c_dennett-david_haig-napoleon

https://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?q=evolutionary+psychology+human+violence&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&as_vis=1

https://www.amazon.co.uk/d/Books/Demonic-Males-Origins-Human-Violence-Richard-Wrangham/0395877431/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1485465008&sr=8-2&keywords=Demonic+males

https://scientiasalon.wordpress.com/2014/07/31/the-extreme-warrior-gene-a-reality-check/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blank_Slate

49: In the 21st century, political struggle — conflict — will be dynamic, and multi-dimensional; the resources of power are:

1: Military and Military technology, and the psychological and political capacity to wield mass and targeted violence.

2: Wealth. The ability to bribe, enrich, and impoverish allies and enemies.

3: Legal and political (institutional) structural and ideological instruments of power, violence and domination.

4: Moral power. Hume said: “reason is the slave of the passions.” Moral power here means the ability to generate “passion” in service of power, violence and domination.

5: Intellectual power. This means creating intellectual rationalisations of power, violence and domination.

6: Mass or “bio” power. This means mobilising the “masses”, but also groups, networks, and individuals to serve the interests of power.

At the macro level, 21st-century conflict will involve civilisations and culture; it will, however, involve institutions, power centres, and the actors within them.

The institutions and power centres of 21st-century conflict are:

1: Harvard.

2: Kremlin.

3: Mecca.

4: Zhongnanhai.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clash_of_Civilizations

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Improbable-War-United-States-Conflict/dp/1849043965/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1485403203&sr=8-3&keywords=Christopher+Coker

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valdai_speech_of_Vladimir_Putin

https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-twilight-of-the-liberal-world-order/

50: Robin Hanson, in his essay The Great Filter – Are We Almost Past It? considers the possibility —in answer to the Fermi Paradox of why we do not see intelligent life elsewhere in the universe —that space colonising life is so improbable because it destroys itself before it can colonise the Cosmos.

The Great Filter and the Fermi Paradox forces us to consider that intelligent, technological life will cause a self-destroying catastrophe.

The catastrophe need not be existential, only that it destroys civilisation enough to prevent space colonisation.

Humans have always been at war, but the global destructiveness of even current technology (never mind future “advances”) guarantees that a new, global, total war will be absolutely catastrophic.

The physicist, Sir Martin Rees, considers the possibility that this may well be Human’s “final century”.

Richard Fernandez calls the current era the “modern crisis”.

Global and domestic security breakdown.

Economic decay and even collapse.

The decay and collapse of traditional information systems.

http://www.webcitation.org/5n7VYJBUd

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Final_Hour

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_catastrophic_risk

Now, the emergence of new players such as Vladimir Putin, Xi Jinping, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and now Donald Trump are challengers, disrupters and spoilers of the post-war, progressive, American-led global order.

The global order now enters a period of uncertainty, tension and conflict. The global order has never been more “polarised”.

We end with two extracts. The first is the opening paragraph of a speech delivered to Harvard University in 1947 by George. C. Marshall the then U.S Secretary of State. The second, from Michael Totten, one of the most informed, and astute reporters working today.

Marshall:

I need not tell you gentlemen that the world situation is very serious. That must be apparent to all intelligent people. I think one difficulty is that the problem is one of such enormous complexity that the very mass of facts presented to the public by press and radio make it exceedingly difficult for the man in the street to reach a clear appraisement of the situation. Furthermore, the people of this country are distant from the troubled areas of the earth and it is hard for them to comprehend the plight and consequent reactions of the long-suffering peoples, and the effect of those reactions on their governments in connection with our efforts to promote peace in the world.

http://marshallfoundation.org/marshall/the-marshall-plan/marshall-plan-speech/

Michael Totten: Open Letter to the Next Leader of the Free World:

The world is a mess, as it usually is, and taking on this awesome responsibility right now is like trying to solve a Rubik’s Cube that a devious trickster messed with by moving some of the stickers around.

You are not battling a Hitler or Hirohito that you can bomb into submission. Nor are you facing down a Stalinist empire that you can outspend into oblivion.

You and the citizens whom you have been elected to serve are beset instead by a constellation of problems—international terrorism, rogue states, and a renascent expansionist Russia. These persistent features of our international landscape may not be as dangerous as the Nazi rampage across Europe or the threat of all-out nuclear confrontation, but they are much more intractable. They will bedevil us throughout your presidency and beyond.

You will not be able to democratize the Middle East and drain the swamp of its political pathologies by using regime change or any other tool at your disposal. Nor will you be able to diplomatically “engage” your way to being liked by the Vladimir Putins and Ali Khameneis of the world. You can flush the terrorists of ISIS out of their nests and vaporize them with Predator drones, but they’ll pop up again in some other unstable and anarchic part of the world.

I hate to break it to you, but these are problems to be managed rather than solved. At least the Israelis, who have become masters of this art throughout the brief existence of Jewish state, can commiserate with your unenviable role.

You’re going to have to come to grips with it, though, because it’s all on you now.

The American president, the Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces, is practically a foreign policy dictator. You can start wars without going through Congress. (Congress and the public will complain, don’t kid yourself about that, but it will be too late.) You can end wars—or at least choose to stop fighting and let them continue without you. You can order daring raids against the likes of Osama bin Laden if you think you know where they’re hiding, you can forge and unmake alliances, and you can initiate all kinds of black ops that the public is unlikely to discover as long as they don’t catastrophically fail.

You will have more power and authority on foreign policy than you will over any other area, and since what you do with this power can affect the entire human race, you’d damn well better wield it wisely.

http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/michael-j-totten/open-letter-next-leader-free-world.

The 21st century has now begun.

Standard

No Evidence…..

.

Free and fair elections?

From the Washington Post:

The Post’s Michelle Ye Hee Lee explains why White House press secretary Sean Spicer’s claims on Jan. 24 about voter fraud in the presidential election don’t add up.(Bastien Inzaurralde/The Washington Post)

…..

Spicer cited repeatedly debunked research to support Trump’s claim that millions of people voted illegally during the 2016 presidential election. These studies do not support Trump’s Four-Pinocchio claims of “millions” of people voting illegally — as we’ve covered herehereherehere and here.

Spicer claimed Trump believes there was widespread voter fraud, based on studies that were presented to him. Then Spicer cited a Pew study that — as we notedbefore — does not support this claim. Moreover, Spicer conflated the Pew study with another study that — again — does not support this claim.

The primary author of the Pew report tweeted in response to Trump’s staff’s claim that he “can confirm that report made no findings re: voter fraud.”

When we debunked this claim on Nov. 29, 2016, we implored Trump’s staff members to please drop this talking point — as we are tired of telling them it is false. We can’t emphasize this point enough.

http://wapo.st/2jSuNhO

No-evidence-that….

Debunked and telling lies is different from “no evidence that..”  A claim could be true, and a person could honestly, but mistakenly, claim a falsehood.

But of course, this is politics.

Moldbug, many years ago, noted the odd use of “no evidence that” or the null hypothesis:

For instance, they believe, an election should be treated as clean until proven dirty.  Is this one way to think?  It is one way to think.  Applying the same pre-Bayesian logic, we could treat it as dirty until proven clean.  Or we could forget about null hypotheses and try to come up with a reasonable prior.

It is of course the case that according to the Pew Center, not traditionally known as an outlet for Faux News, one out of every 8 US voter registrations – that would be about 34 million – is bogus.  Of course, it’s quite possible that Americans are so honest that 33,999,987 of these fake accounts have gone entirely unused.  Would Norman Rockwell vote twice?

This is what’s wonderful about the null hypothesis:

For the head of Libya’s national election commission, the method by which Americans vote is startling in that it depends so much on trust and the good faith of election officials and voters alike.

But that’s exactly what you do with a null hypothesis.  You trust it.  Until proven otherwise, of course.  But of course, since there is no evidence that election officials and voters are acting in bad faith, investigating any such unproven claims is itself in bad faith.  It’s probably racist, in fact.  (There is no evidence that “Bayesian” is just another word for “racist.”)

http://unqualified-reservations.blogspot.co.uk/2012/11/adore-river-of-meat.html

So, what should our “priors” be? Can we trust the Cathedral? Can we trust the Brahmins?

You decide:

To begin, please watch this video of Obama telling “illegals” or “undocumented migrants” it is ok to vote:

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=nVR1ZrR0Iu4

And read this from Steve Sailer:

http://takimag.com/article/rigging_elections_steve_sailer#axzz4Wcf9LAdl

And this:

https://structurecms-staging-psyclone.netdna-ssl.com/client_assets/jwemail/media/attachments/57d0/5b17/6970/2d5f/6a4b/0f00/57d05b1769702d5f6a4b0f00.pdf?1473272599

The following links are what I have saved during the election:

http://denver.cbslocal.com/2016/10/11/cbs4-investigation-reveals-another-dead-voter-fraud-cases-and-gaps/

http://nypost.com/2016/10/11/elections-official-caught-on-video-blasting-de-blasios-id-program/

http://projectveritasaction.com/Ross

http://www.breitbart.com/live/2016-election-day-live-updates/officials-pa-voting-machines-incorrectly-registered-straight-republican-votes/

http://www.lifezette.com/polizette/pennsylvania-state-police-raid-registration-offices-voter-fraud-sting/

http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/11/08/some-problems-reported-as-voters-head-to-polls/

https://pjmedia.com/video/indiana-pastors-caught-on-camera-paying-for-people-to-go-to-polls-and-vote-democrat/

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-03/wikileaks-reveals-potential-rigging-primaries-clinton-campaign-early-2014

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-11-03/voter-fraud-allegations-strike-california-man-find-83-live-ballots-his-doorsteps

http://www.denverpost.com/2016/11/04/vandals-hit-donald-trumps-denver-campaign-office/

http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2016/10/postal-worker-brags-online-destroying-trump-ballots/

http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2016-10-25/florida-puerto-rican-immigrants-clinton

http://www.lifezette.com/polizette/new-york-times-gave-hillary-veto/

http://dailycaller.com/2016/11/06/exclusive-virginia-gov-pardons-60000-felons-enough-to-swing-election/

https://pjmedia.com/trending/2016/10/20/james-okeefe-says-donna-braziles-head-may-be-next-to-roll/

http://www.thedailybeast.com/cheats/2016/10/14/catholic-leaders-hit-clinton-over-emails.html?via=newsletter&source=CSAMedition

http://donsurber.blogspot.co.uk/2016/10/why-we-need-voter-id.html#more

http://www.unz.com/isteve/okeefes-video-of-how-hillarys-blackhats-organize-violence-at-trumps-campaigns/?

utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=okeefes-video-of-how-hillarys-blackhats-organize-violence-at-trumps-campaigns

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-08/latest-wikileaks-revelations

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/10/hillary-worried-about-jihadists-entering-with-refugees-in-private-speech/

http://www.unz.com/isteve/the-alternative-reality-of-trumpian-violence/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=the-alternative-reality-of-trumpian-violence

https://wikileaks.org/podesta-emails/emailid/3599

http://townhall.com/columnists/kurtschlichter/2016/10/10/with-clinton-we-will-be-under-occupation-in-our-own-country-n2230044

http://www.infowars.com/wikileaks-bombshell-hillary-clinton-hates-everyday-americans/

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-08/dead-people-and-illegal-immigrants-are-being-registered-vote-all-over-america

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/07/study-non-citizens-voting-in-virginia-by-the-thousands/

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-17/new-voter-fraud-allegations-surface-chicago-multiple-people-offered-bribes-votes

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-18/massive-voter-fraud-exposed-project-veritas-part-2-weve-been-busing-people-around-50

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-26/indiana-voter-database-riddled-errors-including-1000s-dead-voters-and-duplicate-re-0

http://denver.cbslocal.com/2016/10/25/cbs4-investigation-finds-people-voting-twice/

http://americanlookout.com/of-course-some-cities-are-now-pushing-for-noncitizen-immigrants-to-vote/

http://www.unz.com/isteve/the-alternative-reality-of-trumpian-violence/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=the-alternative-reality-of-trumpian-violence

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-10-20/hacking-democracy

https://pjmedia.com/video/cnn-really-doesnt-want-to-air-evidence-of-voter-fraud/

http://www.wnd.com/2016/08/undercover-video-exposes-eye-popping-ease-of-voter-fraud/

http://www.star-telegram.com/news/politics-government/election/article108539187.html

http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2016/10/wikileaks-podesta-says-ok-illegals-vote-drivers-licence

https://pjmedia.com/trending/2016/10/24/ducks-on-the-ground-robert-creamer-implicates-hillary-in-fec-violation/2/

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/18/exposed-dem-operative-who-oversaw-trump-rally-agitators-visited-white-house-342-times/

https://www.buzzfeed.com/rubycramer/wikileaks-appears-to-release-hillary-clintons-paid-speech-tr?utm_term=.gjdp2gobB#.ovAYxwLNO

http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2016/10/06/report-barely-half-of-illegal-border-crossers-are-caught/

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/07/us/delayed-deportations-illegal-immigrants.html?_r=0

http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2016/10/ice-officials-tell-trump-illegals-allowed-vote-thats-wont-deport-criminals/

https://stream.org/astroturf-outrage-machine-of-paid-trolls-floods-social-media-to-counteract-negative-news-about-hillary-clinton/

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/10/leaked-emails-show-facebook-exec-shared-research-with-clinton-campaign/

http://dailycaller.com/2016/10/18/activist-who-took-credit-for-violent-chicago-protests-was-on-hillarys-payroll/

http://denver.cbslocal.com/2016/10/25/cbs4-investigation-finds-people-voting-twice/

http://thefederalist.com/2016/10/13/voter-fraud-real-heres-proof/

In Martin Scorsese’s Gangs of New York there is scene in which recently arrived Irish immigrants are given bread and a voting card and asked to vote for “Boss” Tweed.

This is history folks:

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=3s2d3kkP1rg

And here:

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=iJNFnYPJHWA

See:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_M._Tweed

See also the following academic article on the “Curly effect”, where politicians pursue policies that are not in line with “good governance” but are good for winning elections:

https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/glaeser/files/curley_effect_1.pdf

For empirical proof of the strategy used by progressives elsewhere see:

http://independenttrader.org/immigrants-flooding-europe.html

http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Andrew_Neather

Clausewitz said that war is politics by other means; Mao said politics is war by other means; Trotsky said that “you might not be interested in war, but war is interested in you”; we say that you might not be interested in democracy, but democracy is always interested in you:

Wendy Hartling understands immigration; her mother is off-the-boat from Ireland; however, when it comes to criminal aliens, she sides with Trump.

Her daughter, Casey Chadwick, 25, was was murdered by Jean Jacques, an illegal Haitian immigrant.

Jaques stabbed Chadwick to death in her Norwich apartment, leaving her lifeless body in a closet. He was sentenced to the maximum of 60 years for her death.

According to the federal government, Jaques should have been deported long before Chadwick’s murder.

Federal authorities had tried deport Jacques three times, according to a report from the Office of the Inspector General, but Haiti officials wouldn’t take him back after he served 17 years behind bars for a 1997 attempted murder conviction.

http://fox61.com/2016/11/14/mother-of-woman-murdered-by-immigrant-stands-behind-president-elect-trumps-plan/

Not an isolated incident:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shooting_of_Kathryn_Steinle

As Trump correctly said: ” a country without borders is not a country.”

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illegal_immigration_to_the_United_States#Crimes_committed_by_illegal_immigrants

Democracy is dead.

Relevant further readings from Moldbug:

http://unqualified-reservations.blogspot.co.uk/2007/05/bdh-ov-conflict_07.html

http://unqualified-reservations.blogspot.co.uk/2007/06/why-conservatives-never-quite-catch.html

http://unqualified-reservations.blogspot.co.uk/2008/02/theory-of-ruling-underclass.html

Standard

Democracy is Civil War

The confab, organized by Media Matters founder David Brock, attracted more than 100 well-heeled progressive donors who came to plot and scheme ways to neutralize Trump, The Washington Free Beacon reports. The tireless Clinton defender is reportedly aiming to build a liberal donor network for the left that rivals that of the Koch brothers.

A confidential memo from Brock, obtained by The Free Beacon, outlined plans to use his numerous organizations to defeat President Donald Trump through “impeachment” or at the ballot box in 2020.

“No other progressive organization has the resources and assets that American Bridge has amassed over the past several election cycles to hold Trump, his administration, and the politicians accountable,” the 44-page confidential memo states.
“Only Bridge stands ready with staff already hired, Trump’s web of business ties mapped out, and a massive video archive at our fingertips.”

“The right will bolster Trump aggressively and deceptively. The campaign to stop him must be nonstop. At American Bridge, it has already begun.”

Brock’s group claims to have more than 20,000 hours of video, 289 candidate research books, and the largest available archive of Trump research in the Democratic Party. Within weeks of the election, Bridge launched a “Trump War Room,” which has already scrutinized Trump’s transition team and will continue to watch the personnel, policies, and practices of the administration.

The “state-of-the-art Trump War Room” will strive to “uncover details of Trump’s affection for Russia and Putin.” They are tracking Trump’s foreign and domestic business partners, construction projects in foreign countries, and negotiations on potential future projects that he “could use to put personal profit ahead of our national security.”

“With so many opportunities for foreign governments and corporations to gain influence over Trump, American Bridge will use every means at its disposal to hold Trump and his administration accountable—including FOIA requests, lawsuits, and regulatory complaints. As the progressive movement’s political research clearinghouse, we will arm our allies to join us in taking on the administration through paid advertising, earned media, grassroots efforts, and legal recourse.”

https://pjmedia.com/trending/2017/01/23/david-brock-memo-lays-out-plan-to-defeat-trump-through-impeachment/

Standard